Sat, March 08 2014 07:04
Amid the Democratic landslide in the U.S. election of 1932, Michigan's Upper Peninsula stayed Republican. Daniel Homernik explains this seemingly inexplicable loyalty to the party associated with the onset of the Great Depression. He further charts the shift to a Democratic vote in the U.P. in the 1936 election, with extensive references to city, township and county voting statistics, and to state and national trends.
Homernik, edited.pdf (415.61 kb)
Fri, March 07 2014 15:53
The Big Finn Hall in Thunder Bay recently received National Historic Site status. The photos here, from Lakehead University in Thunder Bay and from Parks Canada in Ottawa, include captions detailing two tendencies--Temperance and Socialist--of one of the Upper Country's most industrious ethnic groups. Church Finn or Red Finn, their vigor pioneered the mines, the lumbercamps, the farms, the churches and the collectives.
Wed, March 05 2014 08:03
Several episodes of armed conflict in the War of 1812 took place across the Upper Country, especially at Mackinac Island and Sault Ste. Marie. This chronology lists all of them, and includes events leading to the U. S. declaration of war. It also lists details of the treaty that ended the war and set the new U.S.-Canada boundary--the longest peaceful international boundary in the world.
Chron.pdf (451.86 kb)
Tue, March 04 2014 09:31
Some residents of Michigan's Copper Country, with restaurant place mats as their documentation, believe far-off Calumet vied with downstate towns for a new state capital site in 1847. One problem: Calumet didn't exist in 1847. Emily Schmitz debunks the notion and explains the tenacity of pride in the form of myth in boom and bust towns.
Schmitz,edited.pdf (382.02 kb)
Mon, March 03 2014 11:20
Mary Hoefferle's uncle Carl Domitrovich had an unusual hobby: He built shacks. Five of them. Well-built from scavenged material, they served as get-away sites for family and friends. Hoefferly traces their construction and places them in the north country tradition of shacks, cabins and camps. With photos.
Hoefferle.pdf (943.24 kb)
Fri, February 28 2014 10:45
The CONTENTS of Vol. 1, 2013, of Upper Country: A Journal of the Lake Superior Region, including the titles and authors of 4 major articles; historic and contemporary photos of the LS&I Oredock in Marquette, MI and The Big Finn Hall in Thunder Bay, Ontario; a list of illustrations; and author guidelines.
Contents.pdf (64.81 kb)
Fri, February 28 2014 07:48
In his "Introduction to Upper Country: A Journal of the Lake Superior Region," editor Ted Bays traces the emergence of the notion, and the name, of the Upper Country through the early missionaries' and explorers' writings.
Introduction.pdf (60.08 kb)
Thu, February 27 2014 07:30
Dr. Russell Magnaghi, Director of the Center for U. P. Studies at Northern Michigan University, explains the sources of Upper Country: A Journal of the Lake Superior Region. As with historians of the southwest U. S. borderlands, Dr. Magnaghi sees the northern borderlands as a unified region with a common early history, a history unnecessarily--even detrimentally--cut in half by an international boundary.
Foreward.pdf (31.73 kb)
Fri, December 07 2012 04:27
This 1950s photo from Superior View Studio in Marquette shows the LS&I Upper Harbor ore dock.
The Lake Superior & Ishpeming Railroad ore dock in the Upper Harbor near Presque Isle in Marquette, MI, celebrated its centennial this year. Observances included a visit from the brig Niagara from Erie, PA - dwarfed by the dock in the color photo, previous post. The 1950's black and white photo above shows the ore dock, railroad sheds, yards and roundhouse; the 75-ft. high trestle over Lake Shore Drive; the 2816-ft. breakwater and light completed by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1939; and Presque Isle. Also visible are the remains of the much shorter 1896 wooden ore dock.
Begun in 1911, construction of the ore dock ended in 1912 at a cost of $1,250,000; the first load of iron ore went out August 5, 1912.
Wed, December 05 2012 09:24
The first reinforced concrete ore dock on the Great Lakes, it sits on a base of 9809 pilings of Oregon fir driven 20 feet into the lake bottom. A 9 foot thick cap of reinforced concrete tops the pilings, making a foundation that has endured 100 years of vibration from train engines and ore cars.
Longer ore docks (2300 ft.) in Duluth, MN, were built after the LS&I dock; an earlier (1909) steel dock in Two Harbors, MN, ended its working life 30 years ago. Over the past 100 years, the LS&I dock has loaded well over 400 million tons of ore for shipment. The pockets--200 of them, 100 each side--hold 250 tons of ore each. Thus 50,000 tons of ore await loading into lake carriers.
The next issue of Upper Country will include a photo essay on the 1911-12 construction.
(photos:b&w: Superior View Studio; above, Tom Buchkoe.)